NETHERLANDS FIRST ADOPTS NET NEUTRALITY LAW
- The Netherlands has become the first European country to pass a net neutrality law, TweakTown reports.
What this does is prevents internet service providers (ISPs) from traffic management except in the cases of congestion and network security, it also includes restrictions on ISPs performing deep packet inspection and other similar wiretapping techniques.
June 2011 was when the law was formed, where the Netherland's parliament passed a motion to stop mobile operators from blocking VoiP calls over their networks, with the bill only recently passing the Dutch senate. The provisions in the law extend to anyone providing Internet access services, forbidding the use of traffic-shaping based on application usage, unless they hinder access for other users by causing congestion.
This means that equal types of traffic will be treated equally, with an example like video streaming services owned by a provider cannot have unrestricted access, where Hulu may be restricted. If a user chews up too much bandwidth, before the ISP can take any action, the user must be alerted so that they have the time to remedy the situation, the report says.
- 1804 Mamed Khan of Yerevan, knowing of the Russian force's progress, orders the migration (for the duration of the war) of about 20000 Armenians from the Khanate of Yerevan to Ghars.
- 1810 Birth of Gabriel Aivazovski in Feodosia (Ukraine). He died in 1880 in Tbilissi (Georgia).
- 1838 Birth of Viscount James Bryce (statesman). He served under Prime Minister William Gladstone. He was a founder of the League of Nations. He wrote on jurisprudence and political science. He vociferously condemned the Armenian Genocide by the Turkish government. He died in 1922.
- 1848 The Lazaryan College (Moscow) becomes the Institute of Western Languages.
- 1855 The Sultan orders, for the first time, the draft for the Christians in Turkey. The order was ineffective.
- 1920 Armenia's Revolutionary Military Committee in Alexandropol and proclaims the establishment of Soviet power in Armenia.
- 1923 Birth of Heydar Aliev, First Secretary of the Communist Party in Azerbaijan, Head of the Azeri Turk subdivision of the Soviet KGB, Member of the USSR Politbureau, and Head of Atheistic Propaganda under the Soviet regime. Committed Genocide against the Armenians of Nakhitshevan and Artsakh. Took over the presidency of Azerbaijan in 1993.
- 1941 The Ten-day Festival of Armenian Literature starts in Moscow (Russia).
- 1943 Garegeen the First (Hovsepyants) is anointed Catholicos of Cilicia in Antilias' Cathedral.