SUDAN, S. SUDAN GIVEN 48 HOURS TO HALT VIOLENCE - UN
- The UN Security Council on Wednesday, May 2 unanimously passed a resolution giving Sudan and South Sudan 48 hours to halt hostilities or face potential sanctions, AFP reported.
With China and Russia joining the growing calls for a halt to the growing border conflict, the 15-member council gave emphatic backing to African Union efforts to halt violence and get peace negotiations started.
Russia and China had opposed talk of sanctions during negotiations on the U.S.-drafted resolution which calls on the neighbors to "immediately cease all hostilities" and withdraw troops to their own territory.
Resolution 2046 says they must give a written commitment to halt fighting within 48 hours to the African Union and the Security Council.
The council ordered the two sides to start peace talks within two weeks under the auspices of African Union mediators.
The resolution threatens "additional measures" under Article 41 of the UN Charter - which allows for non-military sanctions - if either side fails.
"The current conflict between Sudan and South Sudan is on the verge of becoming a full scale and sustained war," U.S. ambassador Susan Rice told the council. "Both countries are on the brink of returning to the horrors of the past and threaten to take the entire region with them," she added, referring to the civil war between the two sides before their formal separation last year.
More than two million people died in the two-decade conflict up to 2005. Tensions have quickly risen since their split in July - with no border agreed nor an accord on how to share revenue from oil reserves which straddle the two sides.
Rice said the resolution sets "tight deadlines for concrete action."
- 1219 Death of Armenian King Levon the Second (Kingdom of Cilicia).
- 1817 General Yermolov, Commander of the Caucasian forces and Governor of the Caucasus, stops in Echmiadsin on his way to a mission in Persia.
- 1869 Death of the Armenologist Victor Langlois. He translated Armenian historical sources into French under the sponsorship of Noobar Pasha.
- 1900 Death of Hovhannes Aivazovsky (seascape artist) in Feodosia (the Ukraine). He was born in 1817.
- 1916 The "France-Armenie" committee is organized in Paris. Members of the Academy and other political figures are members.
- 1917 The First Assembly of Western Armenians opens in Yerevan under the Presidency of General Andranik.
- 1919 The Publication of Constantinople's Extraordinary Military Tribunal's decision about the perpetrators of the deportations of Booyook Dere's (Constantinople's district) Armenian population.
- 1930 Creation of the Kanaker Power Station.
- 1965 Death of Hrachia Kochar (writer and public figure). He was born in 1909.