IN THE KINGDOM OF CROOKED MIRRORS OR ARMENIAN-TURKISH RECONCILIATION ON THE AMERICAN SCENARIO
The American Administration has again spread rumors on starting the regular stage of works on improving the Armenian-Turkish relations and restoring the Zürich Protocols on this.
However, it is clear to everyone that they are just rumors - no practical step is taken in this direction and it is senseless to speak about any progress.
And since the improvement of the two countries' relations, apparently, are not an issue of the nearest future, and the U.S. ambitions on expanding its influence in the South Caucasus region are not among the far-reaching programs, so non-delay becomes a diplomatic priority for the superpower. For the next stage of the Armenia-Turkey reconciliation, the West used quite an interesting prologue, which was stretched between the two countries like a white banner. It's the then position of Turkey's former President Turgut Ozal, the program on improving the Armenian-Turkish relations. Ozal was President of Turkey between 1989 and 1993 and was known as a regional eminent state and political figure. His program was entirely based on the Turkish national interests, in accordance with which he tried to achieve the improvement of the Armenian-Turkish relations.
We think the relevance of the program of state- and political activist Ozal to the current geopolitical realities is clear. The efforts of the West on the Armenian-Turkish reconciliation, and especially the Zurich Protocols failed, due to destructive position of the Turkish party. The international community was witness of the fact that Turkey began to speak the language of preconditions, while the Armenian party was going to improve the bilateral relations without any preconditions. While the RA President did not even hint at the recognition of the tragedy of our people - the Armenian Genocide, the Turkish-Azerbaijani tandem suggested the pan-Turkic ideology as the basis for the relations between the two countries, together with the ensuing requirements. At the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Prime Minister Erdoghan's fellow-party-members did everything for preventing the approval of the protocols. The President of Armenia expressed his position on the failed protocols, saying that Turkey had shown its real face to the whole world. After such an outcome of the process, it was generally difficult to return to the topic, but not to return was not in the interests of the West. That's why they had to scrabble about the history, expecting to «discover» a credible episode to overcome in any way the existing barrier between the two countries. Former Turkish President Ozal's project seemed to be a good prologue for another attempt to establish a dialogue. It wasn't either difficult to understand from the words of Ozal's supporters that this political figure pondered over the reconciliation of the two states. The disturbing factor in the way of implementation of the program, however, is not only the Armenian Genocide; there is also the Karabakh issue, which, according to the Turkish-Azerbaijani ideology, should be resolved only on the basis of the principle of territorial integrity.
As related to the Zurich Protocols, it should be noted that they have simply become a subject of political speculation for both the American and Turkish regimes. Thus, Turkish President Abdullah Gul has recently stated to the international community that the Armenian-Turkish process can be continued, and prior to this U.S. President Barack Obama stated that the parties should be prepared for the next stage of reconciliation. We believe that special attention should be paid to the recent report of the Armenian Assembly of America that a series of requirements should be presented to U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton before her visit to Armenia. One of these requirements is that Clinton should give up her conviction that the issue of Armenian Genocide in general may be a subject of historical debate, as well as she should affirm that the failed Armenian-Turkish Protocols will no longer be used as justification for the support of Ankara's policy of the genocide denial. At least, it is clear to the Armenian party that the U.S. is not ready yet to recognize the Armenian Genocide, but making the tragedy of its people a subject of political speculations is unacceptable for the Armenian party. The U.S.-based Armenian authoritative organization gave Secretary of State Clinton to understand that protection of the moral norms in this case was more than necessary.
In the context of the Armenian-Turkish relations, the opinions presented at the June 4 joint press conference of the U.S. Secretary of State and RA Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian should also be viewed. Hillary Clinton emphasized that improvement of the Armenian-Turkish relations was in the interests of the United States. According to her, still on July 4, 2010, she as the U.S. Secretary of State accepted the view that the ball was in Turkey's field, but at the same time, according to Mrs. Clinton, an open and constructive dialogue at various levels, besides political, was of great importance. At the press conference, answering the question on the Armenian-Turkish relations, Edward Nalbandian opposed Mrs. Clinton's statements, saying: "There are not and cannot be any negotiations. The negotiations have been completed; Turkey does not want to respect the signed protocols and puts forward some preconditions. I do not think that Turkey has the right to advance any preconditions".
The Armenian party, in contrast to the U.S. official viewpoint, presented its arguments via the Foreign Minister. As of the manifestations of the American diplomacy's «flexibility», then we should state that the estimation reflects the reality and the labels to the extent that pleases the regime's palate: if before the international community, one says that in the process of improving the Armenian-Turkish relations Armenia advances no preconditions, then declares in the language of football diplomacy that the ball is in Turkey's field, without alluding the Turkish parliament's nationalist and anti-Armenian stance, without pointing to the guilty party because it is not in his interests, then it is only a diplomatic game. If you assume the global responsibility to protect the people's right to self-determination, getting involved in the settlement process, but in the report prepared at the state level introduce the self-determining people's liberation struggle as separatists' activities, stressing that the Azerbaijani territories are controlled by Armenian separatists, then you do not respect a whole nation's liberation struggle, then, as Armenians say, you act against your conscience.
Well, you cannot do anything if you are in the kingdom of crooked mirrors. Such a mirror cannot reflect the reality, and the events are presented upside-down. But if the officials in this country tend to see distorted images, it is their own job, which has nothing to do with ours. The Armenian people are perceived in the world as capable to develop their identity, and the Armenian factor has its role and influence in the regional and global processes.
- 1826 Sultan Mahmud the Second orders the killing of the Janissaries in Constantinople and later, in the provinces.
- 1889 Birth of Yervand Kochar (painter, architect). He died in 1979.
- 1906 Opening of the Second Congress of Armenian Teachers in Tbilissi (Georgia). It founded the Teachers' Union.
- 1915 The Turkish government hangs 21 leaders of the Hnchak Party in Constantinople's Bayazet square.
- 1927 Death of commander Moorad Petrosian (Kronqtsi).
- 1960 Meeting of Communist Work Brigades and "Shock Labor Forces" in Yerevan.
- 1988 The Supreme Soviet of Soviet Armenia approves the 1988 02 20 petition by the Autonomous Region of Nagorno Gharabagh to rejoin Armenia and asks the Soviet Government to rule positively in this case.